Revue de Presse : 30 octobre 2023 // Press Review: 30 october, 2023
🇨🇵 7 infos cette semaine ! Voici le choix de la “rédac” StoriesOut 🙂
Les scientifiques utilisent l’IA pour accélérer les découvertes ⚗️🔋 Et si l’humanité perdait le contrôle de l’IA ? 🌐🇬🇧 IA, données, robots… À quoi s’attendre pour 2024 ? 🤖📊 Comment les artistes se protègent de l’IA générative ? 🎨🤖 Que va changer le droit à la réparation ? 🔧📱 Les voitures électriques deviennent-elles folles ? 🚗🔌 Halloween : 5 œuvres terrifiantes sur la technologie 🎃👻
🇬🇧 7 news items this week! Here’s the « editor’s » choice StoriesOut🙂
Scientists use AI to speed up discoveries ⚗️🔋 What if humanity loses control of AI? 🌐🇬🇧 AI, data, robots… What can we expect in 2024? 🤖📊 How do artists protect themselves from generative AI? 🎨🤖 What will the right to reparation change? 🔧📱 Are electric cars going crazy? 🚗🔌 Halloween: 5 terrifying works about technology 🎃👻
👉 New proteins, better batteries: Scientists are using AI to speed up discoveries
👉 Humanity could ‘lose control’ of AI, UK PM warns, as Britain seeks leading role in the tech
👉 IA, data, robots… À quoi s’attendre en 2024 ?
👉 This new data poisoning tool lets artists fight back against generative AI
👉 How the right to repair might change technology
👉 UK drivers make claims of ‘incredibly scary’ malfunctions with electric cars
👉 5 œuvres terrifiantes autour de la tech pour fêter Halloween
#1. New proteins, better batteries: Scientists are using AI to speed up discoveries
Susana Vazquez-Torres is a fourth-year graduate student at the University of Washington who wants to someday invent new drugs for neglected diseases. Lately, she’s been thinking a lot about snake bites: Around a hundred thousand people die each year from snake bites, according to the World Health Organization — and yet, she says, « the current therapeutics are not safe and are very expensive. »
Part of the problem is that developing new drugs for things like snake bites has been a slow and laborious process. In the past, Torres says, it might have taken years to come up with a promising compound.
#2. Humanity could ‘lose control’ of AI, UK PM warns, as Britain seeks leading role in the tech
Britain’s Prime Minister Rishi Sunak on Thursday warned of the risks of artificial intelligence, ahead of a summit in which the U.K. hopes to take a global role in shaping how safety around the technology is designed.
Sunak said in a speech that AI “will bring a transformation as far reaching as the industrial revolution, the coming of electricity, or the birth of the internet” — while adding that there are risks attached to that proposition.
#3. IA, data, robots… À quoi s’attendre en 2024 ?
Forrester vient de dévoiler ses prévisions pour 2024 concernant l’intelligence artificielle, l’automatisation et la robotique, ainsi que les données et l’analyse.
Focus sur quelques-unes de ces perspectives d’avenir…
#4. This new data poisoning tool lets artists fight back against generative AI
The tool, called Nightshade, messes up training data in ways that could cause serious damage to image-generating AI models. A new tool lets artists add invisible changes to the pixels in their art before they upload it online so that if it’s scraped into an AI training set, it can cause the resulting model to break in chaotic and unpredictable ways.
The tool, called Nightshade, is intended as a way to fight back against AI companies that use artists’ work to train their models without the creator’s permission. Using it to “poison” this training data could damage future iterations of image-generating AI models, such as DALL-E, Midjourney, and Stable Diffusion, by rendering some of their outputs useless—dogs become cats, cars become cows, and so forth. MIT Technology Review got an exclusive preview of the research, which has been submitted for peer review at computer security conference Usenix.
#5. How the right to repair might change technology
Fixing devices and appliances is currently tricky – but new consumer rights laws are seeking to change that. Chris Stokel-Walker looks at how this might change the technology we use.
Surera Ward has been running Girls Fix It, a tech repair service near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for around four years. In that time, she and her team have got better at understanding the electronic devices that come into their workshop. But fixing them hasn’t. « It’s getting harder and harder to repair different devices, » she says.
#6. UK drivers make claims of ‘incredibly scary’ malfunctions with electric cars
An electric car owner has claimed her vehicle’s autopilot engaged without warning and accelerated to 65mph, zigzagged across the road and caused a serious crash, the Guardian can reveal.
The alleged incident involved a doctor, Ravpreet Kaur, who was travelling in Buckinghamshire with her son in the family’s £80,000 BMW iX. Her husband said they were lucky to escape unhurt. The manufacturer has strongly disputed the claims, saying that an investigation had found nothing wrong with the car.
#7. 5 œuvres terrifiantes autour de la tech pour fêter Halloween
Chaque mois, L’Éclaireur vous propose une sélection d’œuvres permettant de comprendre un sujet lié au numérique. À l’occasion d’Halloween, petit voyage dans le monde de la terreur.
Smartphone, intelligence artificielle (IA), robots… Plusieurs technologies du monde d’aujourd’hui ont transformé notre société pour le meilleur et pour le pire. À l’occasion d’Halloween, L’Éclaireur vous propose, pour ce huitième rendez-vous, cinq œuvres pour découvrir ou redécouvrir une facette terrifiante de ces technologies.